A mixture consists of two or more elements or compounds not chemically combined together. The chemical properties of each substance in the mixture are unchanged. Mixtures can be separated by physical processes such as filtration, crystallisation, simple distillation, fractional distillation and chromatography. These physical processes do not involve chemical reactions and no new substances are made.
Students should be able to:
describe, explain and give examples of the specified processes of separation
suggest suitable separation and purification techniques for mixtures when given appropriate information.